Recently, Bureau Veritas (BV), a world-renowned provider of testing, inspection and certification services, attended the “Lecture on Green Building and Sustainable Development", co-hosted by CanCham, Canadian Consulate General, FBCS and BenCham. At the same time, as a standing member of Shanghai Green Building Council, BV delivered a speech entitled “Different Types of Green Building Certification, and How to Benefit Customers?”
“Green Building" does not mean 3D greening in the usual sense, but refers to the maximum saving of resources, energy, land, water, materials, environmental protection and pollution reduction during the whole life cycle of the building,with an aim to provide buildings that are healthy, applicable, efficiently used and in harmony with nature. Amid development and progress of the society, human beings have higher and higher requirements for nature-oriented development and environmental protection. In the construction industry, an industry closely related to humans, whether buildings are green or environmentally friendly is attracting more and more attention.
In order to better regulate the development of green buildings and improve the living environment for human beings, countries around the world have begun to formulate relevant certification standards. During the lecture, Mr. LI Shenhao, Green Building Service Business Operation Manager of BV Architecture Technology Center, introduced the standards of green building certification in countries around the world.
LEED in the USA
LEED is a green building rating system promulgated and implemented in 1998 by U.S. Green Building Council. It comprehensively considers environment, energy, water, indoor air quality, materials and construction sites and other factors that have a key impact on the high performance of buildings. The green building rating system will ensure that the actual construction of the building can meet the expected design and performance. LEED is currently the most mature green building rating system for commercial operation in the world, and is widely used by countries all over the world.
BREEAM in the UK
BREEAM, first launched in 1990, is the first green building rating system in the world. Its core concept of “adjusting measures to local conditions and balancing benefits" makes it the only green building rating system in the world with both “international” and “localization”schemes. It focuses on sustainable development of the environment, including many aspects of sustainable development of society and economy. Today, the BREEAM system has been recognized and supported by all walks of life in the UK and around the world.
HQE in France
HQE is developed by HQE Association and CSTB and officially implemented in 1992. The HQE mark has an important influence in France that most French buildings voluntarily apply for a green HQE mark. The performance index of HQE is reflected in indoor- and outdoor environment, and outdoor environment assessment includes: harmony relationship of the buildings with their immediate environment, integration ofconstruction processes and products, noise avoidance of construction sites, minimization of energy consumption, water use, waste, upkeep and maintenance; Indoor environment assessment tragets at: hot water control and management measures, voice control management measures, visual appeal, odor control and management.
CASBEE in Japan
CASBEE(Comprehensive Assessment System for Building Environmental Efficiency) is developed in 2001 by "Building Comprehensive Environment Assessment Committee", a collaborative research committee comprising academics, industry, and national and local governments. It is characterized by objective evaluation of building environment, and based on the following three concepts: To evaluate the lifecycle of the building; To evaluate both “Environmental quality of buildings (Q)” and “Environmental load of buildings(L)"; To use the new way of thinking of “environmental efficiency" to develop evaluation indicators “BEE-Built Environment Efficiency” for assessment.
Green Star in Australia
Green Star Certification is developed and implemented by Green Building Council Australia (GBCA), a semi-official and not-for-profit industry association. This evaluation system involves 9 aspects of indicators, including management, indoor environmental quality, energy, transport, water, materials, land use and ecology, emission and innovation.
GBL/GBDL in China
GBL is a green building certification system issued by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the PRC, which is based on some advanced experience of LEED certification standards and the practical experience and scientific research achievements of green building in China in recent years. “Green Buildings Evaluation Standard” was issued and implemented on June 1,2006, and on April 15, 2014, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the PRC issued the No. 408 announcement, approving “Green Building Evaluation Standard ”GB/T50378-2014 to be implemented on January 1, 2015. Rating: There are three rating levels, one-star, two-star, and three-star (the highest level). The local housing and urban-rural development management department is responsible for one-star and two-star rating, and the science and technology development promotion center of Ministry of Construction is assigned by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development to be responsible for the three-star rating.